In 2013, the total costs of post-employment benefits amounted to EUR 294 million for defined-benefit plans and EUR 139 million for defined-contribution plans, compared to EUR 289 million and EUR 139 million respectively in 2012.
The above costs are reported in operating expenses except for the included net interest cost component which is reported in financial income and expense. The net interest cost for defined-benefit plans was EUR 71 million in 2013 (2012: EUR 85 million).
2013 included past-service cost gains of EUR 81 million, which included EUR 78 million related to the announced freeze of accrual after December 31, 2015 for salaried workers in the Company’s US defined-benefit pension plan. In the same US plan a settlement loss of EUR 31 million was recognized in 2013 following a lump-sum offering to terminated vested employees. This offering resulted in settling the pension obligations towards these employees. The past-service cost gain is allocated to the respective sectors of the US employees involved whereas the settlement loss is allocated fully to Pensions in IG&S as it related to inactive employees.
In 2012, past-service cost gains of EUR 31 million were recognized of which EUR 25 million in the Dutch pension plan due to a restructuring. In one of the Company’s defined-benefit retiree medical plans, a past-service cost gain of EUR 25 million was recognized due to a benefit change.
The overall funded status of our defined-benefit pension plans in 2013 was comparable to that of 2012. The deficits recognized on our balance sheet decreased by approximately EUR 400 million due to a higher discount rate in the US, cash contributions and the US events described above. The surpluses of the plans in the Netherlands and UK decreased, but as Philips does not recognize a surplus in these countries, the net balance sheet position was not impacted.
In 2013, major progress was made in managing the financial exposure to defined-benefit plans, such as the changes in the funding of the Dutch pension plan, the changes in the US plan as described above, and a buy-in in the UK plan.
For further information, refer to note (30) Post-employment benefits.